The quest for building an artificial brain developed in the fields of computer science and psychology. Artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes called machine intelligence, refers to intelligence demonstrated by machines, while the natural intelligence is the intelligence displayed by humans and animals. Typically, AI systems demonstrate at least some of the following human behaviors: planning, learning, reasoning, problem solving, knowledge representation, perception, speech recognition, decision-making, language translation, motion, manipulation, intelligence, and creativity. Artificial intelligence is an emerging technology which the educational sector can benefit from.
In this book, we consider the applications of AI in key areas of education. Artificial intelligence in education (AIED) refers to the application of AI technologies in educational settings to facilitate teaching, learning, or decision making. AI will impact the education field in the areas of administration, instruction, and personalized, and individualized learning applications. In this book, AI is specifically applied in the following key educational sectors: education, natural sciences, social sciences, computer science, engineering, business, and medicine.