Tuskegee "Red Tail" Fighter Pilot

Calvin J. Spann

by Lee Frances Brown



Book Details

Language :
Publication Date : 4/1/2009

Format : Softcover
Dimensions : 6x9
Page Count : 232
ISBN : 9781440117886
Format : Hardcover
Dimensions : 6x9
Page Count : 232
ISBN : 9781440117893

About the Book

Dr. Calvin J. Spann shares memories of his full, exciting life, including stories of his service in World War II. Due to the rigid pattern of racial segregation prevailing in the United States at that time, 966 black military aviators were trained at an isolated training complex near Tuskegee, Alabama. Training at this facility became known as the Tuskegee Experiment.

Many black fighter pilots trained in Tuskegee fought in the aerial war over North Africa, Sicily, and Europe during World War II. Many people at the time believed that blacks were not capable of operating sophisticated airplane machinery—until these black airmen came home with the Red Star of Yugoslavia, Legions of Merit, and 150 Distinguished Flying Crosses. They were called Schwarze Vogelmenschen (black birdmen) by the Germans and Black Red Tail Angels by the white American bomber crews because of the identifying red paint on their tail assemblies and their reputation for successfully providing fighter escort to bombing missions over strategic targets in Europe.

Dr. Calvin J. Spann received his aviator training in the Tuskegee Experiment, serving his country from 1943 to 1946, and helped pave the way for desegregation of the United States armed forces.

About the Author

Author of Rutherford Then and Now, Lee Frances Brown has served for many years on the Bergen County Historic Advisory Board, as trustee of the Bergen County Historic Society and as a Charter Member of the Rutherford Historic Preservation Commission. Brown has received certification in Historic Preservation from Drew University and is a Summa Cum Laude graduate of Fairleigh Dickinson University. She holds membership in Phi Alph Theta International Honor Society in History and Psi Chi Honor Society for Psychology. She is listed on the Who's Who Registry for Colleges and Universities as well as Who's Who in Executives and Professionals having held the position of Executive Administrative Assistant to the New York Yankees. Brown is from Rutherford, New Jersey where she has been actively involved in her town and has spent many hours "giving back" to her community through her scholarship "Rutherford Then and Now" and as Co-Founder of the Friends of the William Carlos Williams Center. She has also served in the Women's College Club raising scholarships funds for students of Rutherford.